The Berlin Conference

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Berlin Conference Audio

‘Nights at the Round Table - the Berlin Conference 1884’ - A Perspective through Chronology

1482 Portuguese Diogo Cao arrives at mouth of Congo river-1st European contact with BaKongo

1491 Manikongo (king) of Kongo, Nzinga a Nkuwu, is christened Dom Joao I

1506 Affonso I (formerly Nzinga Mbemba) becomes Manikongo (king) of Kongo

1512 Portuguese design coat of arms for Manikongo

1639 Queen Nzinga of Ndongo, in modern Angola, begins military campaign against Portuguese

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBbYxLmCO6c

1665 Kongo defeated by Portuguese at Battle of Mbwila

1704 Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita founds a church and launches a mission to revive Kongo's former glory

1856 Msiri, Nyamwezi trading king, establishes his seat of power in Katanga, in the southern part of modern DR Congo

1873 Slavery is finally brought to an end at Katanga

 

Suggested Biographies:

Queen Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba (1583-1663) monarch and military leader who fought against the European slave trade and Portuguese invasion

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-kv1wX3cWk

 

Yaa Asantewa- Asante Queen Mother (1840-1921) led Asante Rebellion against British forces leading to the restoration of the Asante Monarchy

https://wooster.edu/2021/03/31/angela-danso-gyane/

 

Patrice Lumumba (1925-61)  a founder of Congo’s first political party, The Congo National Movement and First Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Congo

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Patrice-Lumumba

 

Suggested Historical Sources:

Portuguese design coat of arms for Manikongo 1512

Colonization of Africa: The Berlin Conference

https://www.arcgis.com/apps/MapJournal/index.html?appid=6df9eef17b93493da8a1353777aa2a88/

Africa after the Berlin Conference

https://www.themaparchive.com/product/africa-after-the-berlin-conference-1885/

George Washington Williams’ open letter to King Leopold of Belgium on the Congo (1890)

https://www.blackpast.org/global-african-history/primary-documents-global-african-history/george-washington-williams-open-letter-king-leopold-congo-1890/

10 things our schools need to teach about Africa

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clXrthVOCSk